Out of this World: Galactic Pre-Show Party!

You’re Invited!


For Immediate Release
February 2, 2017

Taking Up Space, a program sending Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona girls to Space Camp, cordially invite you to enjoy an evening of scintillating conversation about life, the universe, and everything! Mingle with Tucson area planetary scientists, astronomers, and space artists over cocktails. There will be physics demonstrations, telescope viewing, displays of space art, a pair of free tickets up for grabs, and merchandise for sale of the New Orleans funk band Galactic, who will be performing that night at the adjacent Rialto Theatre following the party. So, break out your favorite space-themed outfit, put on your thinking (or drinking) caps, and join us! Excelsior!

Taking Up Space is a subsidiary project of the Tucson based non-profit organization, Time in Cosmology, whose mission is to fund the cost of sending girls from area Native American tribes to Space Camp®, in hopes of inspiring them to pursue STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) oriented educational and career paths. Space Camp was founded in Huntsville, Alabama in 1982 as the U.S. Space & Rocket Center® museum’s education program to promote the study of math, science, and technology. Trainees experience astronaut simulators, take command of a mission to the International Space Station and develop leadership and teamwork skills.

WHO:               Taking Up Space
WHAT:             Out of This World: Galactic Pre-Show Party
WHEN:             February 15, 2017,  6:00PM – 8:00PM
WHERE:          R Bar, 350 E. Congress St. No. 110 Tucson, AZ 85701
SPONSORS:   Time in Cosmology, Galactic, R Bar, University of Arizona  Philosophy Department

Press Release .pdf

For Immediate Release



For Immediate Release
December 2, 2016

Robert Lee “Hoot” Gibson (Capt, USN, Ret.), a former American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, and retired NASA astronaut, will make a special appearance on December 6th at the Pascua Yaqui Community Clubhouse to help launch a program specifically designed to expand opportunities for Native American girls to immerse themselves in the horizon-broadening Space Camp experience. A project of the science-based non-profit organization “Time in Cosmology,” honored to be collaborating with the Pascua Yaqui Computer Clubhouse, the mission is to send middle school-aged Pascua Yaqui girls to Space Camp. There, they will be exposed to the leadership and team-building exercises the Camp offers. Additionally, the exploration of STEM and related academic content enhances future possibilities for educational and career goals. The first group of Pascua Yaqui girls will be attending Space Camp in June 2017.

Space Camp® was founded in Huntsville, Alabama in 1982 as the U.S. Space & Rocket Center® museum’s education program to promote the study of math, science, and technology. Trainees experience astronaut simulators, take command of a mission to the International Space Station and develop leadership and teamwork skills.  Gibson was selected as a NASA astronaut in 1978 and is a veteran of five shuttle missions: 1984 STS-41B Challenger, 1986 STS-61C Columbia, 1988 STS-27 Atlantis, 1992 STS-47 Endeavour, and 1995 STS-71 Atlantis. He was selected for extraordinary missions, serving as Mission Pilot on his first mission and Commander on the other four. Gibson has spent a total of 36.5 days in space. While in Tucson, Capt. Gibson will be taken on a tour of both the Pima Air and Space Museum and World View Enterprises.

WHO:               Robert “Hoot” Gibson
WHAT:              Free Talk
WHEN:             December 6, 2016, 4:00 PM
WHERE:           Multipurpose Room, 5100 W Calle Tetakusim, Tucson, AZ 85757
SPONSORS:    Time in Cosmology, Pascua Yaqui Computer Clubhouse

Join Us for a Night of Space Exploration!

Celebrate the Launch of Three Space Programs: Space Exploration Month, the NASA OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample Return Mission, and our Pascua Yaqui Girls Space Camp Program!


August 16, 2016 *UPDATED 09/02/2016*

Did you know that Mayor Jonathan Rothchild declared September “Space Exploration Month” in Tucson?  We are celebrating the declaration of Space Exploration Month!  Wednesday, September 7, 2016, in association with the University of Arizona, R Bar, and Maynards Market Place, Time in Cosmology will feature “Space Exploration Night” which includes the family friendly Physics Bus and UA Senior Lecturer of Physics, Shawn Jackson, at the R Bar,  and Maynards delicious The Space Dinner with Master of Ceremony, Meteroite Man, Geoffrey Notkin.   In addition, Stargazing with the UA Astronomy Club, and a viewing and silent auction of Space Art from the International Association of Astronomical Artists throughout the evening will make this an event not to be missed!

WHAT: Space Exploration Night and The Space Dinner
WHEN: September 7, 2016.  Events Starting at 5:30 P.M.  Dinner Starting at 7:45 P.M.
WHERE: The Rialto’s R Bar Address: 350 E. Congress No. 110, Maynards Market 400 N Toole Ave
WHO: Time in Cosmology, UA OSIRIS-REx, Maynards Market, R Bar, International Association of Astronomical Artists, The Physics Factory, Geoffrey Notkin, Pascua Yaqui Computer Clubhouse
COST: Event is FREE.  Dinner is $45 + Tax & Gratuity. Call Maynards for reservations: (520) 545-0577

100% of all proceeds go to funding Space Camp tuition for girls from the Pascua Yaqui Computer Clubhouse.

Join the event on Facebook! 

Event Schedule
Space Art from the IAAA
5:30 Physics Factory Bus
6:30 Shawn Jackson at R Bar
7:45 Geoffrey Notkin at the Space Dinner & IAAA Silent Auction
9:00 Stargazing with UA Astronomy Club

The Space Dinner Menu:
Bistro Salad
Scarlet butter lettuce, baby kale, bacon, soft-cooked egg, red onion, brioche crouton, herb vinaigrette
*Entrée Selection*
Beer-Brined Chicken — Pueblo Vida Northwest IPA-brined chicken breast, house mustard and fig marmalade, braised red cabbage, shallots, extra virgin olive oil and thyme pommes puree
Saffron Risotto — Braised leeks, sautéed greens, parmesan reggiano, shallot relish, beet chips
Prime Sirloin — 6 oz. Niman Ranch prime sirloin, bearnaise sauce, red wine caramelized onions, pommes frites**, seasonal vegetable
Dinner served with Maynard’s AZ Malbec

Call for your dinner reservations today! (520) 545-0577

Hurry! Seating is limited!

IAAA Silent Auction

The IAAA is donating 20% of proceeds from sales and 100% from the Silent Auction to our Pascua Yaqui Space Camp Girls Scholarship Program,








Artwork from the following artist will be for sale and auction:
Astronaut/ Artist Ron Garan
Astronaut/ Artist Nicole Stott
Michelle Rouch
Earl Billick
Theresa Hentz
Simon Kregar



All proceeds benefit the Time in Cosmology’s Space Camp Girls Scholarship Program.

Time in Cosmology is honored to be collaborating with the Pascua Yaqui Computer Clubhouse in our mission to send middle school aged Pascua Yaqui girls to Space Camp!  The first group of Pascua Yaqui girls will be attending Space Camp in June 2017.  Selected Scholarship winners are receiving full tuition once a year for three years. In addition, we will be adding another group of girls the following year, and the next. The Pascua Yaqui Space Camp Girls Scholarship Program will run for a total of 5 years.

In gratitude and collaboration with:

Maynards is a historic venue with a takeaway counter, a gourmet shop & a bar, and “dark and handsome” eatery with seasonal American fare.   Address: 400 N Toole Ave, Tucson, AZ 85701

R Bar opened in July 2014 as an expansion to the historic non-profit Rialto Theater.  The R Bar  has been described as, “the best alley bar in Tucson.”  Address: 350 E. Congress No. 110, Tucson AZ, 85701.  Located in the alley between Rialto and World of Beer.

OSIRIS-REx is the first U.S. mission to return samples from an asteroid to Earth.   The spacecraft is traveling to Bennu, a carbonaceous asteroid whose regolith may record the earliest history of our solar system. Bennu may contain the molecular precursors to the origin of life and the Earth’s oceans. Bennu is also one of the most potentially hazardous asteroids, as it has a relatively high probability of impacting the Earth late in the 22nd century. OSIRIS-REx will determine Bennu’s physical and chemical properties, which will be critical to know in the event of an impact mitigation mission. Finally, asteroids like Bennu contain natural resources such as water, organics, and precious metals. In the future, these asteroids may one day fuel the exploration of the solar system by robotic and manned spacecraft.

The IAAA  International Association of Astronomical Artists was founded in 1982 by a small group of artists who journeyed through the fascinating but seldom trod territory where science and art overlap.  Since 2013 IAAA Artists in the Tucson area have been very active in the local STEM community, promoting a human presence in space through outreach events at the Pima Air and Space Museum and the University of Arizona’s Lunar and Planetary Laboratory.

The Physics Factory brings physics demonstrations to schools and events throughout Arizona and North America. Inspired by the successful Physics Phun Nights at the University of Arizona, the Physics Factory has grown to include outreach programs, student mentoring, resources for science teachers, and many other programs.

Geoffrey Notkin is a television host, professional meteorite hunter, science writer, and photographer. He was born in New York’s East Village, grew up in London, England, and now makes his home in the Sonoran Desert in southern Arizona. He studied geology, photography, writing, and design in London, Boston and New York and is the owner of Aerolite Meteorites LLC of Tucson, a featured exhibitor at the annual Tucson gem and mineral shows. (Credit: IMDB)

Pascua Yaqui Clubhouse program provides a creative and safe environment where young people work with adult mentors to explore their own ideas, develop skills and build confidence in themselves through the use of technology.  The Community Resource Lab provides internet access and Microsoft Office programs for the community to utilize. Classes, training, workshops, and daily computer assistance are also provided after school.

Time in Cosmology is 501(3)(C) non-profit that is adding to the Tucson community by collaborating with UA departments and local organizations for the purpose of engaging and encouraging a broader appeal of scientific ideas and education.


For Immediate Release: Time in Cosmology Advisory Board

For Immediate Release
June 28, 2016

Advisory Board Established

Ret. Commander Robert Hoot Gibson, NASA Astronaut fighter pilot, and aeronautical engineer.  Associate Mathematics Professor, and Co-founder and President of The Physics Factory, Bruce Bayly.



We have an addition to the Board!

Our team now includes Professor and Head of the Philosophy Department at the University of Arizona, Michael Gill!  He has written two books, Humean Moral Pluralism and The British Moralists on Human Nature and the Birth of Secular Ethics, and continues to write about the history of ethics, contemporary ethical theory, and medical ethics.

Meet the Time in Cosmology Advisory Board!

Tucson, Arizona, June 27, 2016 – Time in Cosmology (TiC) is pleased to announce the establishment of an Advisory Board.  We recognize and thank individuals on the Advisory Board for graciously donating their time to help with TiC future endeavours.  We are honored to introduce Ret. Commander Robert “Hoot” Gibson, NASA Astronaut fighter pilot, aeronautical engineer; and Bruce Bayly, University of Arizona Mathematics Associate Professor, and Co-founder and President of The Physics Factory, as the TiC Advisory Board.

WHAT: Advisory Board Established
WHO: Ret. Commander Robert Hoot Gibson, NASA Astronaut fighter pilot, aeronautical engineer.
Associate Professor Bruce Bayly, University of Arizona Mathematics, and Co-founder and President of The Physics Factory.
WHEN: Monday, June 27, 2016, 9:00 AM
WHERE: PO Box 41692
ORGANIZATION:  Time in Cosmology

The mission of TiC is to bring together researchers, post-doctoral, graduate, undergraduate students, and other interested parties in astronomy, physics, philosophy, mathematics, and cosmology in order to inspire STEAM in students, academia, and the local community.

TiC is a 501(c)3 collaborative group involved in scientific research and education. The group was founded in 1996. TiC is organized around established principal scientists, joined for the purpose of fostering research, communicating that work, and providing educational opportunities for persons of all ages who may be entering the scientific profession or are simply interested in TiC’s fields of scientific investigation.

Time in Cosmology Press Release (PDF)

The first atmospheric analysis of super-Earths

For the first time astronomers were able to analyze the atmosphere of an exoplanet in the class known as super-Earths

(Credit: ESA/Hubble, M. Kornmesser)

Using data gathered with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and new analysis techniques, the exoplanet 55 Cancri e is revealed to have a dry atmosphere without any indications of water vapor. The results, to be published in the Astrophysical Journal, indicate that the atmosphere consists mainly of hydrogen and helium.

The international team, led by scientists from University College London (UCL) in the UK, took observations of the nearby exoplanet 55 Cancri e, a super-Earth with a mass of eight Earth-masses [1]. It is located in the planetary system of 55 Cancri, a star about 40 light-years from Earth.

Using observations made with the Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) on board the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, the scientists were able to analyse the atmosphere of this exoplanet. This makes it the first detection of gases in the atmosphere of a super-Earth. The results allowed the team to examine the atmosphere of 55 Cancri e in detail and revealed the presence of hydrogen and helium, but no water vapour. These results were only made possible by exploiting a newly-developed processing technique.

This is a very exciting result because it’s the first time that we have been able to find the spectral fingerprints that show the gases present in the atmosphere of a super-Earth,” explains Angelos Tsiaras, a PhD student at UCL, who developed the analysis technique along with his colleagues Ingo Waldmann and Marco Rocchetto. “The observations of 55 Cancri e’s atmosphere suggest that the planet has managed to cling on to a significant amount of hydrogen and helium from the nebula from which it originally formed.

Super-Earths like 55 Cancri e are thought to be the most common type of planet in our galaxy. They acquired the name ‘super-Earth’ because they have a mass larger than that of the Earth but are still much smaller than the gas giants in the Solar System. The WFC3 instrument on Hubble has already been used to probe the atmospheres of two other super-Earths, but no spectral features were found in those previous studies [2].

55 Cancri e, however, is an unusual super-Earth as it orbits very close to its parent star. A year on the exoplanet lasts for only 18 hours and temperatures on the surface are thought to reach around 2000 degrees Celsius. Because the exoplanet is orbiting its bright parent star at such a small distance, the team was able to use new analysis techniques to extract information about the planet, during its transits in front of the host star.

Observations were made by scanning the WFC3 very quickly across the star to create a number of spectra. By combining these observations and processing them through analytic software, the researchers were able to retrieve the spectrum of 55 Cancri e embedded in the light of its parent star.

This result gives a first insight into the atmosphere of a super-Earth. We now have clues as to what the planet is currently like and how it might have formed and evolved, and this has important implications for 55 Cancri e and other super-Earths,” said Giovanna Tinetti, also from UCL, UK.

Intriguingly, the data also contain hints of the presence of hydrogen cyanide, a marker for carbon-rich atmospheres.

Such an amount of hydrogen cyanide would indicate an atmosphere with a very high ratio of carbon to oxygen,” said Olivia Venot, KU Leuven, who developed an atmospheric chemical model of 55 Cancri e that supported the analysis of the observations.

If the presence of hydrogen cyanide and other molecules is confirmed in a few years time by the next generation of infrared telescopes, it would support the theory that this planet is indeed carbon rich and a very exotic place,” concludes Jonathan Tennyson, UCL. “Although hydrogen cyanide, or prussic acid, is highly poisonous, so it is perhaps not a planet I would like to live on!


[1] 55 Cancri e has previously been dubbed the “diamond planet” because models based on its mass and radius have led to the idea that its interior is carbon-rich.

[2] Hubble observed the super-Earths GJ1214b and HD97658b in 2014, using the transit method. The observations did not show any spectral features, indicating an atmosphere covered by thick clouds made of molecular species much heavier than hydrogen.

More information

The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between ESA and NASA.

The results were summarized by Tsiaras et al. in the paper “Detection of an atmosphere around the super-Earth 55 Cancri e” which is going to be published in the Astrophysical Journal.

The team of astronomers in this study consists of A. Tsiaras (UCL, UK), M. Rocchetto (UCL, UK), I. P. Waldmann (UCL, UK), O. Venot (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium), R. Varley (UCL, UK), G. Morello (UCL, UK), G. Tinetti (UCL, UK), E. J. Barton (UCL, UK), S. N. Yurchenko (UCL, UK), J. Tennyson (UCL, UK).

University College London was founded in 1826. It was the first English university established after Oxford and Cambridge, the first to open up university education to those previously excluded from it, and the first to provide systematic teaching of law, architecture and medicine. UCL is among the world’s top universities, as reflected by performance in a range of international rankings and tables. UCL currently has over 35 000 students from 150 countries and over 11 000 staff.



Angelos Tsiaras
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0)20 3549 5844
Email: atsiaras@star.ucl.ac.uk

Giovanna Tinetti
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 7912509617
Email: g.tinetti@ucl.ac.uk

Olivia Venot
KU Leuven
Email: olivia.venot@ster.kuleuven.be

Mathias Jäger
ESA/Hubble, Public Information Officer
Garching, Germany
Tel: +49 176 62397500
Email: mjaeger@partner.eso.org

Anita Heward
Europlanet Media Centre
Tel: +44 (0) 7756 034243
Email: anita.heward@europlanet-eu.org

Rebecca Caygill
Media Relations Manager
UCL Communications & Marketing, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0)20 3108 3846
Email: r.caygill@ucl.ac.uk

Source Article: http://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic1603/